POTABLE WATER MONITORING WATER IN CITIES – II

A Smart Potable Water Monitoring System (SWMS), optimizes water operations, creates new opportunities for innovation and business value, by delivering insights into Water utility infrastructure, assets and operations. The entire architecture of a SWMS is designed and engineered to focus on Data Management, Visualization, Co-relation and Collaboration technologies to transform vast amounts of data received from various devices such as intelligent meters, assets, other systems and stakeholders into actionable information. Effective and efficient Data Management, enables the authorities to receive accurate and almost precise data, analyze all aspects of Water from the source till the last drop usage.  It predicts potential delivery disruption and better forecast of long term Water demand.  This system protects Water supply and saves Water.   Moreover, this system is the most advantageous for Water usage in Agriculture industry, where seventy per cent (70%) of Water is used.  Water is used to produce farm products as well as non-farm products, consumed by Humans.  In many countries monsoon season is a natural seasonal bliss, which helps farmers grow fresh produce and other products on farm.  This is especially a boon for farmers, where irrigation facilities are not available. Generally, Farm products can be produced in farm with comparatively less Water, than non-Farm food products which need to be processed in laboratories, production plants.  For instance, it takes 3500 liters of water to produce one kilo of rice, 15,000 liters to process one kilo of beef and 140 liters of Water, to produce one cup of coffee.  Gradually, as the quality of Life improves and disposable incomes increase around the world, the demand for processed food and Meat food products, has increased.  This requires atleast more than three times of Water. A SWMS can effectively help reduce Water usage and Water waste.  Smart Irrigation for usage of Water in Agriculture, through a web-based system can interact with the consumer or the farmer.  It indicates at what stages and how much Water is required to produce a specific crop, to the farmer.  It empowers the farmer and the consumer to do planning in advance and reap the benefits and savings. Leaks occur due to several reasons, among which theft, low quality pipe material used and ageing Water delivery infrastructure.  Today US $14 Billion worth of Water is lost each year, due to leaks, theft and unbilled usage of Water.   A Smart Water Management System can also help reduce wastage of water and leaks.  It can identify leaks, enable authorities to be proactive and also prevent leaks, especially ones caused die to low quality pipe infrastructure, where erosion of pipes occurs sooner, than conventional ones.  For instance, in the U.S., the Water delivery infrastructure is forty seven years old, and is ageing fast. Over a period of time corrosion takes place inside the pipes, which need to be replaced with new ones.  Continue Reading

POTABLE WATER MONITORING WATER IN CITIES

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Seventy per cent of earth consists of Water and so does our Human body.  Water gives and maintains Life.  Today more than sixty five per cent of world’s population do not have access to clean drinking (Potable) Water.  Ninety nine per cent  of world’s population do not re-use waste Water, and so six million gallons of water is simply wasted. Important Water Facts : On Planet earth, ninety seven per cent (97%) of Water is in Oceans and Seas, two per cent (2%) is frozen and unusable, and one per cent (1%) is Drinking Water. Seventy per cent (70%) of Water is used in irrigation, twenty per cent (20%) is used by industry and ten per cent (10%) is domestic (household) usage. More than sixty per cent of Water in the United States is polluted and thus non-drinkable.  India is having scarcity of Water, due to which seventy per cent of its population do not get clean drinking Water.  The situation is so grim that, the villagers need to travel daily, on feet, to another village, to get drinking Water and the government has subsidized Water and electrical pumps to pull Water out from the ground, for agricultural purposes.  As there are no limits, much of the Water is wasted.  In sub-sahara African nations people cross national borders daily, on feet, to get drinking Water.  Communist China, has no natural Water resources for clean drinking Water.  2.5 Billion people in the world have no adequate sanitation facilities. There are many parts of the world, where people do not pay for Water, or pay very minimal or negligible, as the Water is subsidized by the government. Water, a natural resource is abundant on earth, but still it is scarce for Human consumption.  A Smart Water Management System (SWMS) being a component of a Smart City, can immensely help solve many of these problems, that we face today.  Awareness and efficient & effective Water Management System is at the heart of all the attempts to solve the problem of Water scarcity. Information Technology and Collaborative Innovation play a key role, in creating an eco-system which is essential for a Smart City, especially when the costs & challenges of Water continue to increase.   Here again, like all other components of a Smart City, as we have talked about in earlier articles, information and data is collected from multiple sources, gathered into one, and one comprehensive solution is offered – Smart Water Management.  They key here is to create an eco-system first, and essence of this system should be to save Water by monitoring and controlling to stop wastage. A Smart Water Management System (SWMS), provides an integrated operating picture with robust, real time analytics, modeling and decision support capabilities.  A SWMS consists of an Intelligent Water Meter, which provides data of who used the Water, at what time and day, for how long the Water tap was open, how much water was consumed, the pressure of the Water, how much total Water has been used till that time and its Continue Reading